The rules for driving a car and your license are among the things you must be aware of. These things are helpful if you are planning to relocate to Canada for studies or work.
If you own auto insurance and you’re successful in providing evidence of it, you may drive with a US driver’s license. You can do so for a brief time, like two to three months. Ultimately, you would have a Canadian driving license. Moreover, comprehending driving laws is also very necessary.
Yes, Americans may drive with a US license in Canada, but people from other nations must own an International Driving Permit (IDP) and obtain automobile insurance in Canada. We must accept the fact that in Canada, driving is rather easy. However, there are a few notable quirks to be aware of.
So, are you ready? Let’s get set, go!
Driving In Canada
The International Driving Permit (IDP) is specially created for visitors from those countries where French or English is not known as official languages. As you already know that US citizens don’t need to own IDP.
Present your car insurance and US driving license, and look! You are ready to drive in Canada without any fear. But remember that you can avail of this facility once you don’t have your Canadian driving license.
Further, your age must be 16 or above if you want to use your US driving license. But this also doesn’t matter as you can only hold a driving license after age 16 in any country. The duration of the license’s utilization depends on your home province in Canada.
In Ontario, you can drive with a US license for two months; in British Columbia, it may go up to three months.
Check out what a US driving license holding person requires to present:
- An authentic driving license.
- Paperwork showing car insurance.
We must recommend exploring and researching whether you need an IDP. If yes, then please go and have it even before entering Canada because it is quite necessary if you want to own or rent a car in the future in Canada.
An IDP allows you to move anywhere in Canada. It translates your license into English or French. However, after the duration, you might need to apply for a Canadian license if you plan to stay here in Canada. So, the following are the requirements for a Canadian driving license:
- It would help if you appeared in a written examination of the traffic laws of Canada. So, you have to prepare yourself first.
- After passing the exam, you must give a practical driving test.
Take paid online or offline classes to learn basic road rules so that you may pass the exam. After passing each step, you may get your driving license. And what the next step needs to be done is that you have to renew your license regularly. It also has an expiry date, so get a new one when it expires.
Driving in Winter
Following are some tiny details and tips to drive in winter:
- Different cities and provinces of Canada have different weather conditions. So as winter, they vary from each province.
- Moreover, US citizens may need to be more accustomed to the harsh winters of Canada. Hence, it may cause difficulty in driving.
- You might work here in Canada as a driver, and in this way, you’ll definitely be going here and there to pick up and drop off. Or you may also have to travel for the sake of work. And yes, you can’t skip winter driving for work.
- It would help if you took extra precautions while driving in Canada in winter. Snowfall, blowing snow, and snowstorms might cause difficulties in driving in Canada. A practiced and experienced driver may think twice before driving on snowy roads and paths.
- The path you are on is also very important. So be prepared before starting your journey. In essence, your car must have heavy and greatest tires if you plan to move to hilly areas.
- Rent an all-wheel-drive vehicle
- Have your mobile phone with you, always having full charging and credit
- Enlist all the emergency numbers in your brain and phone
- It would be best if you had all your winter outfits accordingly
- Keep your schedule flexible because the weather might be unexpected
- Double-check the weather forecast before venturing out to avoid any unexpected situation
- Drive gently and observe other motorists too
Traffic lights have the same identifications in other countries. Red indicates that you have to stop, yellow indicates that you should prepare yourself to stop, and the red light will appear, and the green light means that you may resume your driving.
Keep some considerations in your mind while relocating to other cities in Canada. British Columbia and Ontario indicate different meanings of blinking green light. While blinking red light shows to be stopped in both cities.
It would be best to generalize the fundamental rules of traffic lights before going to that province.
Check Out Canadian Driver’s License. Moving From USA to Canada? Exchange Your Driver’s License, Ontario:
Road Rules In Canada
Driving regulations and rules differ across Canada. Like many other countries, Canadian provinces give all residents different rules. In fact, you have to follow different rules for different cities.
- Driving On The Right Side
You have to travel on the road on the right while overtaking on the left. If it’s your first time driving in Canada, you better practice on little roads first. A right-hand drive automobile detects road inclination more acutely, which might be unsettling if you are unaware.
Keep a constant eye on your lane position to feel secure while driving.
- Red Lights & Stop Signs
To avoid receiving a citation, you must be stopped at the red lights and all the stop signs.
Highway safety authorities classify pedestrians as ‘vulnerable road users.’ Because they have more chances of being badly hurt or dead if a motorbike strikes them. A quarter of traffic deaths are due to walkers, cyclists, or scooter riders.
It would be best if you did not cross a road when the light is yellow or red. While crossing a road when there is no barrier must yield to your car.
- Speed Limits
Speed restrictions and limits in Canada are in kilometres per hour rather than miles per hour. This is so because there is a metric system to measure measurements in Canada. Cities limits are usually 50 Km/hour, while motorways have a speed restriction of about 100 Km/hour.
- Road Signs
Canadians speak French and English as well. So you may find road signs in any of these languages based on the province you are in. Moreover, Quebec is a city of French spoken people. So it’ll be advantageous for you to be in Quebec if you know French well.
- Car Seats/Seat Belts
Seatbelts are necessary for all drivers of any age above 16. These legal drivers must wear seat belts while driving a car in Canada. Special car seats are available for toddlers under nine or shorter in height.
- Smoking In Car
Smoking is not prohibited in automobiles in Canada. But, it is unlawful to smoke in the presence of a kid in your car. You can observe this law in the following provinces:
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- New Brunswick
- Yukon Territory
- British Columbia
- Prince Edward Island
- Using Mobile Phones
Just use your phone to answer a call or make an emergency call. Otherwise, avoid cell phone usage possibly. You can do this by putting your mobile phone on a stand and using it hands-free.
- Carpool Or High Occupancy Vehicle Lanes
Carpool or High Occupancy Vehicle Lane (HOV) is designed to lessen traffic in Canada. Few provinces or some metropolitan areas may utilize HOV. The HOV lane is allocated for vehicles carrying two persons.
These lanes have special signs; you can only enter here if you have up to two persons in your car.
- Toll Road
You will only see a few toll highways here in Canada. But yes, there are a few toll bridges from the US to Canada. This approach is computerized since it requires a photo of your valid driver’s license photo.
Your bill is made, and ultimately you get a mail. This bill is then added to your car rental bill. A place where you have to pay tolls in Toronto.
Driving while drunk is a punishable crime in Canada, and the punishments may include vehicle seizure, arrest, and license suspension. This can make it more difficult for you to go to the nation again or cut your recent stay short.
The alcohol content limit in this country is high, and it is illegal to drive with a level of more than 0.08% blood alcohol concentration. Even a small concentration of blood alcohol may be active traffic laws in many provinces. So please avoid alcohol completely before or during driving.
Tips When Driving In Canada
Following are some useful tips when driving in Canada:
Be Familiar With The Language
You might be English, but be ready for minor variances if you visit Quebec. Because it holds French-spoken people. Quebec has almost similar signs to other cities and provinces of Canada.
But it mostly employs various symbols and content in French. You must also be aware of the metric system while driving in Canada. Canadian automobiles display speed in Km and Miles per hour as it is the demand of the metric system.
Prepare For Long Distance Driving
Driving in Canada entails enormous distances as it is the biggest country. The long distances between cities and provinces are dispersed throughout the country. So if you plan to visit Canada, you will spend most of your time in a car.
So be sure you have an exact pathway of your designation and have a map, as Canada is divided into six-time slots.
Learn The Roadside Assistance Numbers
Learn all the roadside assistance numbers as it is very helpful while driving wherever in Canada. Getting a pickup truck if your car breaks down in metropolitan areas is difficult. Moreover, the procedure is quite expensive and fairly complicated.
Before leaving, add some help to your car insurance that all the rental companies must provide. Please take your charged phone with you.
Be Mindful Of Pot Holes & Construction Crews
You might face terrible potholes here in Canada while driving. Road surfaces expand and contract periodically due to an annual temperature variation of almost 60 degrees Celsius.
Hence, road workers always remain active, even on long summer days. This personnel is excellent about putting red flags, but we must advise you to be alert about any potholes while driving.
Although potholes are common in bigger city streets like trans Canada highway. You may observe potholes on rural roads, frontage, or other roads.
Beware Of Large Animals
In Canada, taking care of animals is like caring for any human being. So, while driving, many animals may be found on the road. So be alert!
Moreover, bigger animals like deer appear on the road during nightfall and frequently suddenly jump out next to your automobiles. So, take little diversions and slow your speed down after facing an animal.
Geese, dunks, and moose are among more species that you might see on the highways.
Check Out Changing Foreign Drivers License to Canadian License:
How To Rent A Car?
Check out easy tips to rent a car in Canada:
It Might Be Cheaper To Rent In The Us And Drive To Canada
You might not need to hire a car in Canada if you cross the border between the two countries while on your journey. Many American rental car agencies may let you take the vehicle across the border.
The objectives of certain businesses might only sometimes be obvious. Before renting, it is wise to contact with any queries and give read cross-border guidelines and regulations.
Booking your automobile from the US before you arrive in Canada is less expensive. The likelihood of finding a discount increases with the time you book your vehicle. Therefore, you should keep an eye out for price reductions.
Plan Your One-Way Rentals
You may rent a car quite easily but returning it is another matter. You can’t return a car to Canada if it belongs to the US. Make sure you check with the business first.
It is typically expensive to return an automobile to a different place, and a one-way break charge is typically involved.
Double Check Your Insurance
Be sure your credit card and car insurance may cover your rental automobile in Canada. As some companies offer coverage to American tenants traveling to Canada. To confirm your coverage before a road trip, we recommend calling your insurance provider.
Pay With Canadian Dollars
It can be simpler to pay with US dollars as opposed to CAD. But in the long term, choosing this alternative might charge you extra. So we advise you to pay in Canadian dollars to avoid paying an extra fee.
But still, if you are willing to pay in US dollars, the rental firm may convert an amount to US dollars. However, you and the company might face inconvenience for this.
Always Check Your Speed
You may observe that driving in Canada and most cities have the same rules and road signs as the US rules. However, in the US, you measure speed in miles, while in Canada, it is measured in Km.
Take care of the speed limit to avoid any citations. Moreover, recent data indicate that additional cameras are installed to trace the speeds of vehicles in Vancouver or Toronto.
You Can Use US Drivers’ License
Going to rent a car with a US driving license is feasible. You don’t need an IDP for this. But you may require it if you are going to a non-English nation. Applying for an IDP is simple, but it must be done before your vacation.
Watch Out For Extreme Weather Conditions
Canada holds variable and harsh weather conditions in different cities. Take precautionary measures for cold weather in isolated areas with limited mobile phone availability. You should follow the advice put up by the Canadian government for extreme weather conditions.
Check The Car Carefully Before Renting
Thoroughly inspect your vehicle before driving to defend yourself from any bogus damage claims. It would be best to document each scratch, scrape, or damage. Your mobile phone may serve you well for photographing any flaws to guarantee. This way, you’ll not be responsible and will not pay any fine.
Car Insurance In Canada
You can’t drive without a license in Canada. You must be included in the auto insurance plan if you drive your family member’s car. There are several types of automobile insurance policies available offering coverage:
- Your own injuries and vehicle damage
- Others’ damage and injuries to whom you hit and all their costs
What will be the cost of your car insurance? It depends on the following:
- The plan you select
- Driving history
It would be best if you studied what an insurance plan covers and didn’t forget to survey several insurance policies to evaluate pricing differences.
Can I Drive A Car Without Insurance In Canada?
No, you can’t drive without insurance in Canada. If you do so, you may risk prison time, large fines, car confiscation, and license suspension. Car insurance isn’t a bad thing in any way. It protects you from financial hardships if you have an accident.
Although, driving without consulting an insurance company is not an actual criminal offence. But, if you are uninsured and have a car accident due to careless driving, you may have to pay a hefty fine.
You have to show your driving license to a police officer. So, you must have a duplicate of your car insurance in your car. If you don’t present these documents, you will have to pay a fine even if your car is insured.
Following are the punishments you’ll suffer if you fail to submit insurance documents to the traffic warden:
– An $81 punishment for failing to produce correct insurance paperwork when requested
– A $109 punishment is supposed to not imprint a validation mark on the license plate
Do I Need A Yellow Card To Drive In Canada?
The Canadian government requires you to carry a ‘non-resident inter-provincial motor vehicle liability insurance card.’ This card is known as the pink card for Canadians and the yellow card for Americans coming to Canada.
Carrying this yellow card is necessary because whenever you get caught by police in case of any damage or accident, you have to present this card immediately. Otherwise, you’ll be fined. You can apply to your insurance agency for a yellow card and obtain it within seven to fourteen days.
Can I Drive To Canada Without A Passport?
Non-Canadians, US, and dual citizens must show a passport to enter Canada. You must show sufficient information and identification and complete the minimum entry criteria.
If you return to Canada without a passport, the NEXUS card and papers can serve as proof of identity and residence. If you are under 15, you can drive with your birth certificate in Canada.
How Do I Get An International Driver’s License?
To apply for an International Driver’s license, you must visit Canadian Automobile Association. Some international automobile rental companies may need you to obtain an IDP to hire a vehicle.
IDPs are only available at CAA offices in Canada, and you can’t own them anywhere else. In several countries, visitors must carry a driving license (IDP) and their regular driving license.
IDP works in place of a Canadian license and helps you drive without fear of being caught. IDP has some functions this way; if you have a car license, you can’t use this license for a motorbike.
When you apply in person for an IDP, you’ll get permission within an hour. If you submit your application via mail, you may have to wait two business days for its processing. After you get your ID, it’ll be valid for a year.
So, can you drive in Canada with a US license? If it’s a quick visit, yes. You may use a US driving license while driving your own car or renting one.
But still, you have to follow several restrictions regarding US licenses in different areas. You might get enough knowledge about US licenses in Canada through this guide. Ask us anything regarding this guide on OnTheMoveCanada. Have a great trip ahead!